Where Plato lays down his ideas of an ideal state and its rulers. Plato's Utopian state is one which is just and his ideal rulers are philosophers.
Presented as a series of dialogue between Socrates and Plato's brothers Adeimantus and Glaucon, in eleven parts Plato step by step forms his ideal state (Part I and II), its rulers (Part IV and Part VII), their education, women's position (Part VI) and the position of art and poetry (Part X) in the new state.
Plato’s ideal republic;
- No democracy
- 3 classes
- Artisans, merchants and farmers
- Rulers - philosophers (could best judge what was in the interest of the community through their training)
### The noble lie
People have souls of Gold, Silver and Brass/Iron (myth rulers would teach citizens) educators would keep track of natural abilities/virtues (Wisdom, courage, Discipline), so people can be assigned the right roles. Justice is the 4th virtue, and is the balance between all citizens.